Vermentino (ver-mehn-TEE-noh) is a late-ripening white grape variety, primarily found in Italian wine. It is widely planted in Sardinia, in Liguria primarily under the name Pigato, to some extent in Corsica, in Piedmont under the name Favorita, and in increasing amounts in Languedoc-Roussillon. The leaves are dark green and pentagonal. The grapes are amber-yellow and hang in pyramidal bunches. The vines are often grown on slopes facing the sea where they can benefit from the additional reflected light. The Vitis International Variety Catalogue now gives Italy as its origin.
The most famous wine made from Vermentino is probably the DOCG Vermentino di Gallura (and Vermentino di Gallura Superiore) which is produced in the province of Olbia-Tempio, in the north of Sardinia. The grape is said to have been cultivated in this part of Gallura, often under the name Arratelau, since the fourteenth century. Elsewhere on the island the grape is used for a variety of white wines, including sweet and sparkling variants.
Different hypotheses about the origin of Vermentino have been forwarded, and only recently have DNA typing confirmed Vermentino to be identical to the Pigato of Liguria and Favoria of Piedmont, which means that some earlier hypotheses have been based on incomplete information. It is unclear if Vermentino is also identical to the variety Rollo found in eastern Provence, around Nice. Both that variety and Vermentino go under the synonym Rolle.
Grapes of divergent origins, and some believe it originated in Spain and then is spread on the northern Tyrrhenian coasts where still today is widely cultivated: France (Languedoc-Roussillon), Liguria, Sardinia, Corsica and Tuscany. In various regions of France is known as Malvoisie Précoce d'Espagne or Malvoisie Gros Grains . In Lunigiana called Vermentino Royal . In Corsica is the most widely planted white grape. In Sardinia is harvested early enough for keeping the richest of acidity. For many scholars is akin to Pigato and Favorita .
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG is allowed where the use of this vine.
Cinque Terre and Cinque Terre Sciacchetrà - blend in
Colli di Luni - alone or in blends
Colline di Levanto - blend in
Gulf of Tigullio - alone or in blends
Riviera Ligure di Ponente - pure
Val Polcevera - alone or in blends
White dell'Empolese - blend in
White Valdinievole - blend in
Bolgheri - alone or in blends
Candia dei Colli Apuani - blend in
Capalbio - alone or in blends
Colline Lucchesi - alone or in blends
Monaco - a field blend
Monteregio di Massa Marittima - alone or in blends
Montescudaio - blend in
Val di Cornia - blend in
Marino - blend in
Alghero - alone or in blends
Nuragus Cagliari - blend in
Vermentino di Gallura - pure
Vermentino di Sardegna - pure
Viticulture and winemaking
He leaves medium-sized or medium-large, orbicular or pentagonal, or five-lobed, more often eptalobata; cluster medium, conical or cylindrical winged, sometimes with long stalk wing, between loose and moderately compact, medium or medium-large berries, from round to elliptical very short, moderately thick-skinned, yellow-green that, if properly exposed to the sun, tends to yellow-golden or amber in this case, are formed on the surface characteristics of rust-colored stains, such ' Piggie 'or' Piggie ', as in the Pigato.
Vermentino is also known under the synonyms Agostenga, Agostenga Blanc, Brustiano Bianco, Brustiano di Corsica, Carbes, Carbesso, Favorita, Favorita Bianca, Favorita Bianca di Conegliano, Favorita d'Alba, Favorita di Alba, Favorita di Conegliano, Formentino, Fourmentin, Garbesso, Grosse Clarette, Malvasia a Bonifacio, Malvasia Grossa, Malvasie, Malvoisie, Malvoisie è Gros Grains, Malvoisie Corse, Malvoisie de Corse, Malvoisie Précoce d'Espagne, Piccabon, Piga, Pigato, Rolle, Rossese, Sibirkovski, Uva Sapaiola, Uva Vermentino, Valentin, Varlentin, Varresana Bianca, Vennentino, Verlantin, Vermentini, Vermentino Bianco, Vermentino Pigato, and Vermentinu.