Vespolina is a red Italian wine grape variety that is planted in Piedmont around Gattinara. Ampelographer believe that the grape is most likely indigenous to this area of Piedmont and recent DNA profiling identified a parent-offspring relationship with Nebbiolo. Outside of Piedmont, it is found in the Lombardy region of Oltrepò Pavese where the grape is known as Ughetta. In Gattinara, Vespolina is sometimes blended with Nebbiolo and Bonarda Piemontese. Unlike the white Italian grape Vespaiolo, the root of the name Vespolina does not have a direct connection with vespe or wasp. However the true origins of the name are still unclear.
Cultivated by the end of '700 Oltrepo Pavese, this red grape is very popular in the provinces of Como, Pavia (especially around Voghera), Novara (Ghemme and Gattinara), Piacenza (Bobbio), in the Biella and in ' High Vercelli. Its name is due to the fact that the grape is very sweet and attracts wasps. The advent of phylloxera in Oltrepo and subsequent spread of Barbera, more tolerant to diseases, have greatly reduced the use, even for its disadvantage in building up the American foot. The situation is different in Novara, where he is undergoing a rebirth. The first description of Vespolina dates back to 1825 (Acerbi), followed by Wales (who named V. circumpadana).
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG is allowed where the use of this vine.
- Boca - 20-40%
- Bramaterra - 10-20%
- Novara Hills - min. 85%
- Coste della Sesia - min. 50% (if present)
- Fara - 10-30%
- Ghemme - 0-25%
- Oltrepo Pavese - 0-45%
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs : small and medium-leaf has small, wedge-shaped or pentagonal, or five lobes eptalobata; medium cluster, cylindrical or conical, elongated, medium compact, usually with a wing rather elongated and developed, peduncle long, herbaceous and thin, medium berry, ellipsoidal regular, with pruinose blue verging on black. rather thin and not very consistent. It prefers soils with fresh and sunny, not subject to drought, deep and low in organic matter.
Diseases and adversity : it is susceptible to downy mildew, especially on clusters, powdery mildew and tolerant enough discretamnte is resistant to frost. Do you suffer from sagging, at the end of the aging spine fading rapidly causing possible attack of botrytis.
The grape Vespolina is known under a variety of synonyms. These include Balsamina, Canneta, Croattina, Guzetta, Guzitta, Guzzetta, Inzaga, Inzagre, Massana, Nespolina, Nespolino, Novarina, Solenga, Ughetta, Ughetta di Caneto, Ughetta di Canetto, Ughetta di Canneto, Ughetta di Fassolo, Ughetta di Solenga, Uva Cinerina, Uva Rara, Uvetta, Uvetto, Vespolino, Visparola and Vispavola.