Pignolo is a red Italian wine grape grown predominantly in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeast Italy. Believes to have been cultivated in the hills of Rosazzo, the grape is now a prominent variety in the Colli Orientali del Friuli Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC). In Italian the grape's name means "fussy" which does describe the viticultural profile of the grape which often produces low and uneven yields. The first recorded mention of the grape was in Abbot Giobatta Michieli's late 17th century book Bacchus in Friuli in which he described the grape making "excellent black wine". Today the grape is used to make rich, deep colored, full bodied wine that does well with some time in oak. Well made examples of the wine have good balance between the grape's acidity and tannins with flavor notes of plum and blackberry. Most experts believe that it is not related to the Lombardy Pignola grape of the Valtellina region.
The name derives from the form of the bunches, which are small and firm, reminiscent of a pine cone (pigna, in Italian). It is certainly an important variety, possibly bound for a successful comeback.
Its presence in the region of Fruili has been documented since 1398, when Francesco from Carrara requested the Serenissima (as the Maritime Republic of Venice was know at the time) a permit to ship 20 barrels of Pignolo from Rosazzo, from Friuli to Padua, for his own use and well-being, following the advice of his doctor.
Ancient red grape variety originally from Friuli. Pignolo (also called Pignul) derives its name from the particular shape of the bunch. E 'was mentioned several times in the history of viticulture from Wales (1817-19), dall'Acerbi (1825), by Odart (1849) and the Department Rovasenda (1877).
The Pignolo roots are traced to the vineyards of the Rosazzo Abbey, where it was probably originally planted by the Benedictine monks. The wine produced with this grapes is of extremely high quality. The color is intense ruby red, with complex perfume and important structure. It is considered one of the Friuli wines that improves with ageing, producing results that stand up to the most noble Italian red wines.
Below is a list of all DOC is allowed where the use of this vine.
Colli Orientali del Friuli - 85-100% (Pignolo)
Viticulture and winemaking
Its leaf is small, three-lobed (sometimes five-lobed); cluster of small, cylindrical, simple and tight; berry small, round, waxy skin and thick, black. He has medium vigor and gives the best results in clay-limestone soils and in years rather hot. The production is low but steady.