As with many vines arrived in Italy in ancient times, it is not easy to trace the origins of this grape, although since the seventeenth century there are evidences of the goodness of the sweet wine made with this grape. In the following century, was probably Count Fabio Asquini to engage in creating a market for a sweet wine picolit an alternative to the Hungarian Tokay. The name probably originates from the small size of the berry and grape, but also by the lack of production, among other things due to the frequent occurrence of ' millerandage or floral abortion. For these reasons, the cultivation of this variety has become increasingly scarce, disappearing from Treviso, Vicenza and Bassano since, while it is still rooted in the provinces of Friuli in Udine and Gorizia. To avoid, at least in part, to the problem dell'acinellatura, the nice and simple is often planted together to verduzzo Friuli to encourage cross-pollination.
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG is allowed where the use of this vine.
- Colli Orientali del Friuli - 0-100%, 85-100% (with mention of the vine)
- Collio and Collio Gorizia - 85-100% (with mention of the vine)
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs : It has medium leaf, pentagonal, three-lobed or five-lobed, medium cluster, pyramid, often equipped with a wing, from sparse to very sparse, small-berry, ellipsoidal, peel of medium thickness, firm, covered with abundant bloom, green-gold, slightly dotted. It has no special requirements concerning the climate and soil, while it has low production because of leaking and dell'acinellatura, due to the stamens in flowers gynoid reflexes.
Diseases and adversity : He has average tolerance to major fungal diseases and adverse climatic conditions.
Among the most popular synonyms, Piccolit, Uva del Friuli, small, small del Friuli.