Red grape variety probably of Spanish origin, although in Spain is currently unknown. Some ampelographers recognize its partnership with the Mission, for religious purposes, Black grapes planted by Franciscan missionaries in Mexico, California and the southwestern United States between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The cultivation of Monica seems to have religious origins, in fact, in the eleventh century the monks Camaldolesi planted around monasteries. It is currently widely used in Sardinia, in particular in the province of Sassari (considered, by diffusion, the third red grape of the island).
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG where use is permitted of this vine.
- Mandrolisai - 20 ÷ 35%
- Monica di Cagliari - 95 to 100%
- Monica di Sardegna - 85 to 100%
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs :
It has medium leaf, orbicular, five-lobed; bunch medium to large, cylindrical or cylindrical-conical, sometimes winged, semi-sparse; berry medium, round or sub-round, with medium-thick skin and large, covered with bloom, black or black-purple. It 's suitable to farming systems of media expansion and pruning, is usually grown as small tree with spurs of one or two buds. It prefers calcareous-siliceous or calcareous clay, deep but not very fertile and moist, hot climate but it is a vine that tolerates climate fluctuations or setbacks. It has high production and consistent.
Diseases and adversity :
Is highly resistant to the cold spring has high tolerance to powdery mildew, downy mildew poor.
It has many synonyms, including Monaca, Munich, Munich Niedda, sardu Pascale, Pascal, pass, Pansale nieddu, Niedda blackberry, Pansaleddu, Pascasalò, or Monica Mora of Spain.