White varieties in almost all the Italian peninsula and is the fourth area planted to white grapes. Corresponds to the French vine "muscat blanc à petit grains". The name probably derives from muscum, moss, whose characteristic flavor is found in grapes (Musquito for the French) and, most likely corresponds all'anathelicon moschaton of the Greeks and the Romans apiana grapes.
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG where use is permitted of this vine.
- Asti or Moscato d'Asti - 100%
- Loazzolo - 100%
- Piemonte - 100% (with reference to Muscat or Moscato Passito)
Valle d'Aosta :
- Vallée d'Aoste or Valle d'Aosta - 100% (Chambave Moscato or Muscat, Muscat or Moscato Passito Chambave Flétri)
- Oltrepò Pavese - min. 85% (with mention Moscato)
- Hills Hills - min. 95% (with mention Moscato)
- Vicenza - min. 85% (with mention Moscato)
- Gulf of Tigullio - 100% (with reference to Muscat or Moscato Passito)
Emilia Romagna :
- Colli di Parma - 0 to 15% (Malvasia)
- Colli Piacentini - 20 to 50% (White Monterosso Val d'Arbia), 10 ÷ 20% (White Trebbianino Trebbia)
- Elba - 100% (with mention Moscato Bianco)
- Moscadello di Montalcino - min. 85%
- Etruscan Viterbo Hills - min. 85% (with reference to Muscat)
- Controguerra - min. 85% (with mention Moscato Amabile)
- Molise or del Molise - min. 85% (with mention Moscato)
- Castel San Lorenzo - min. 85% (with mention Moscato)
- Sannio - min. 85% (with mention Moscato)
- Moscato di Trani - min. 85%
- Moscato di Noto Naturale or Moscato di Noto - 100%
- Moscato di Siracusa - 100%
- Moscato di Cagliari - min. 95%
- Moscato di Sardegna - min. 90%
- Moscato di-Sorso Sennori - 100%
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs :
It has medium leaf, pentagonal, three-lobed or five-lobed, medium cluster, cylindrical-pyramidal, winged by a compact semi-sparse, the berry can be medium or medium-sized, spherical or slightly flattened, with thin, yellow- green, tending to gold if properly exposed to the sun is covered with a thin layer of frost, the flesh has a sweet taste and aroma. It prefers soils with marl-limestone, clay and not too wet, dry and windy climate. It has good production and steady and tolerates summer drought. The farming systems must be expanded and not too rich with pruning.
Diseases and adversity :
It 's very sensitive to powdery mildew, downy mildew, and the esca all'escoriosi, also fears the botrytis and sour rot. Tolerate fairly cold. Its wealth of sugars in the mature phase favors the attack of insects and wasps.
The amount of synonyms is long and varies from region to region, state to state. Some of the best known are muscatel Montalicino, Muscat Canelli, Moscadello yellow, Moscato di Trani, moscato d'Asti, Moscato Colli Hills, Moscato di Siracusa, Bear Sennori muscat, muscat real biblina, or muscat blanc à petit grains and Muscat de Frontignan in France, Gelber musckateller, grüner Muskateller, weisser musckateller, weisser Muscatel Traube (in Germany), Moscatel Menudo blanco in Spain, White Frontignan in Britain. Not to be confused, however, with the yellow Muscat, Muscat of Alexandria (raisins) and the orange blossom muscat.