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Biferno

Molise's principal river is the Biferno, which lends its name to the region's most prestigious wine, produced in the province of Campobasso.

The river, which was known as the Tifernus in ancient times, began to be called Biferno in the Middle Ages. Some historians argue that the name Biferno is due to the fact that the stream rises from two separate springs in the district of Boiano. According to legend, the first Samnites, led to the area by a sacred bull ("bue"), settled near the river's sources at Boiano, which derives its name from the widely venerated animal.

Campobasso is situated between the basins of the Biferno and the Fortore at an altitude of 700 meters. The city is quite striking in appearance, for in the middle rises a hill on which is perched the Longobard castle of Monforte. The historic center is arranged in a semicircle around the hill. The medieval heart of Campobasso is a warren of narrow streets in which, on the Feast of Corpus Christi, the Festival of the Mysteries is staged. The observance is medieval in origin, consisting of representations of scenes described in sacred texts.

In its course, the Biferno flows through a large part of the territory of Molise and creates such appealing features of the landscape as Lake Guardialfiera. The fields of the southern part of the region produce wheat and wine. The vineyards that yield the grapes used in making Biferno Bianco, Rosso and Rosato are located in the zone neighboring the district of Campobasso. The altitudes of the vineyards are strictly regulated. For the white version, the vines can not be grown at altitudes superior to 600 meters above sea level. The limit for the red and rosŽ types is set at 500 meters. Biferno Rosso is produced principally from Montepulciano grapes. The variety was introduced into the Abruzzi at the beginning of the 19th century. The Bianco is made for the most part from Trebbiano Toscano, while the Rosato is obtained from the same grapes as the Rosso but vinified off the skins.

 

Region


 

 



Classification


DOC (1983)

 

Area Description


Both banks of the Biferno River, from Campobasso to the Adriatic Sea. 


Varieties


 

Wine


Colour: Red
Type: Dry still
Temperature: Serve at 64º - 67º Fahrenheit, 18º - 20º Celsius.
 

Colour: White
Type: Dry still
Temperature: Serve at 45º - 49º Fahrenheit, 8º - 10º Celsius.
  

Colour: Rosé
Type: Dry still

Production area :
it includes, in the province of Campobasso, the municipalities of Collecroce Acquaviva, Campobasso, Campodipietra, Campomarino Castelbottaccio, Castellino Biferno, Colletorto, Ferrazzano, Gambatesa, Guardialfiera Guglionesi, Larino, Lemon, Lucito, Lupara, Macchia Val Fortore, Mirabello Sannitico, Mafalda, Montagano, Montecilfone, Montefalcone of Sannio Montelongo, Montemitro, Montenero di Bisaccia, Montorio Frentani, Palata, Petacciato, Petrella Tifernina, Pietracatella, Portocannone, Rotello, Santa Croce di Magliano, San Felice del Molise , San Giacomo degli Schiavoni San Giovanni in Hot, San Giuliano di Puglia San Martino in Pensilis, Tavenna, Termoli, Toro, Tufara, Ururi;

White : 60-70% Trebbiano Toscano, could help other white grape varieties, suitable for cultivation in the region of Molise and present in the vineyards, max. 40%, with a presence of white Malvasia max. 10%;

Pink , red ( including reserves and higher ): 70-80% Montepulciano, Aglianico 15-20%, could help other red grapes Coll. and / or Auto. max in the Molise region. 15%;

the maximum production of grapes allowed for the production of wine shall not exceed 12 tonnes / ha of specialized vineyard for wine "Biferno" Red, Red Reserve, rose and white, and 11 t / ha for "Biferno" Red Top;

Grapes for wine making must offer the types of "Biferno" Red Rose and a minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of 10.5% vol., the type "Biferno" Rosso Riserva 12.50% vol., the type "Biferno Red Superior 11, 50% vol. and type "Biferno White 10% vol.

The wine-making , including the ' obligatory aging , because of the type "Biferno" Rosso Riserva, must take place within the production area;

Wine "Biferno Red marked" Reserve "must undergo a maturation period of at least three years with effect from 1 November of the grape harvest;

For wine bearing the words " Reserve "or the designation" Superior ", is mandatory for home use, an indication of the ' year of production of grapes

 


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