Gaglioppo is a red wine grape that is grown in southern Italy, primarily around Calabria. The grape is of Greek origins and is thought to have been introduced to southern Italy around the same time as the Aglianico vine. The vine performs well in drought conditions but is susceptible to oidium and peronospera. The grape produces wine that is full-bodied, high in alcohol and tannins with a need for considerable time in the bottle for it to soften in character. It is sometimes blended with up to 10% white wine. It has many similarities with the genetic Frappato . In 1990 plants of this variety occupying some 7,000 ha.
Red grape variety probably of Greek origin and spread mainly in the provinces of Cosenza and Catanzaro in Calabria
Also in other synonym in the Marche, Umbria, Abruzzo, Campania and the province of Messina.
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs:
She leaves middle, pentagonal, sometimes heart-shaped or wedge-shaped and lobed; cluster medium or large, pyramidal or conical, cylindrical or rarely short, simple or with one or two wings, compact, berry medium, oval or spheroidal precisely because of the compactness of cluster, with pruinose medium textured and thick, black-brown. It has good production and constant, it prefers slightly expanded forms of farming and pruning.
Diseases and adversity:
It has good resistance to frost and drought, its defenses are very variable and can be attacked by pests such as downy mildew el ' powdery mildew .
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG is allowed where the use of this vine
Bivongi - 30 to 50%
Ciro - 85 to 100%
Donnici - 50 to 90%
Lamezia - 25 ÷ 35%
Melissa - 75 to 95%
Pollino - 60 ÷ 80%
S. Anna di Isola Capo Rizzuto - 40 to 60%
San Vito di Luzzi - 70 to 90%
Savuto - 35 to 45%
Scavigna - 20 to 60%
Verbicaro - 60 ÷ 80%
The main synonyms are: Galloppo, Gaioppo, Gaglioppo black Gaglioppo black Galloppolo, Magliocco round (not to be confused with the oval Magliocco) Maghioccu black, black Mantonico, Aglianico di Cassano, Arvin, Galloffa, Lacrima di Cosenza, Black Tears , Grape Navarra.