One of those vines that dwell for centuries in the Piemonte area, between the provinces of Novara and Vercelli, and in the province of Pavia, which was not easy to obtain the identifying characters due to incorrect synonymy with Bonarda Piedmont and Croatina. Same Rovasenda in 1877, identified the Bonarda di Gattinara with Uva Rara in Voghera, however, putting in evidence as the second name was more suitable to represent the appearance of the cluster, while the Molon, in 1906, considered the ' a synonym for Uva Rara grape Bonarda. Today it is now established that there is no relationship between the two genotypes.
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG is allowed where the use of this vine.
- Boca - 0-20%
- Novara Hills - max 40% min. 85% (with mention of the vine)
- Fara - max 40%
- Gattinara - 0-4%
- Ghemme - 0-25%
- Sizzano - 0-25%
- Oltrepo Pavese - 25-65%
- St. Columban al Lambro - 0-15%
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs : it has large leaves, often elongated pentagon with median lobe, or sometimes five lobes at the base of the shoot, or eptalobata enalobata; cluster of variable size, medium or medium-small, conical, rather short and very sparse; berry medium, round or slightly flattened, with waxy skin dark blue. It is grown with types of farming expanded and well suited to espalier, or mixed with long pruning. The flowering stage is too strong and the cluster tend to have sparse, is prone to leaking , resulting in reduced production.
Diseases and adversity : in addition to the phenomenon of pouring more common in poor years, tolerates little powdery mildew, but has a low sensitivity to gray mold and sour rot, downy mildew and has average sensitivity to tolerate enough of the hail damage.
Bonarda Cavaglià, Bonarda di Gattinara, Lizzie, Balsamea black, Oriana, Orianella, Oriola and Rairone.