White grape variety probably coming from Puglia, where it was imported after the invasion of phylloxera in Sicily, in the area of Marsala and subsequently in other provinces of the island. The Grillo grape is clear from the testimony of Rizzo (1951) already widespread in Trapani near the end of 1800.
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG where use is permitted of this vine.
- Alcamo - 0-40% (Blanc), min. 85% (with mention of the vine)
- County Sclafani - 0-50%, min. 85% (with mention of the vine)
- Contessa Entellina - 0-50%
- Delia Nivolelli - 0-65% (White), min. 85% (with mention of the vine)
- Erice - 0-40% (Blanc), min. 85% (with mention of the vine)
- Marsala - 0-100% (Marsala Oro)
- Mamertino Mamertino or Milazzo - 10-35% (White), 20-100% (Ansonica Cricket or Cricket Inzolia)
- Monreale - min. 85% (with mention of the vine)
- Sambuca di Sicilia - 0-50% (up)
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs :
It has medium leaf, or almost orbicular pentagonal, five-lobed or nearly entire; medium cluster, cylindrical or conical, sometimes winged, loose to medium compact; berry medium or large, spherical shape, and has slightly waxy skin, firm and thick, transparent, golden yellow color with rust colored spots, the pulp is sweet and simple. The production is good and constant breeding systems are most suitable for those with low or mixed growth with pruning.
Diseases and adversity :
Tolerates high temperatures, but is usually resistant to most fungal diseases and adverse climatic conditions.
Also known by the name Riddu.