Red grape variety that is part of the large family of the Greeks, whose origin and distribution is quite uncertain, most probably was introduced by the Hellenic colonies, the founders of Magna Graecia. With this name they are called many varieties that have little in common ( Greek black Avellino , the Marches , Teramo , Terni , Velletri , Tuscan ). E 'grown mainly in Calabria, in the provinces of Catanzaro (Locri) and Crotone. It was wrong to synonymous Marcigliana or Marsigliana cultivated in the province of Catanzaro, and was also confused with the black Aleatico and Verdicchio. Locally it is called niuru Grecu and Maglioccone (Bivongi).
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG is allowed where the use of this vine and a selection of producers who use it in one of their wines.
Bivongi - 30 ÷ 50%
Donnici - 10% min.
Lamezia - 25 ÷ 35%
Melissa - 5 to 35%
Pollino - 20% min.
San Vito di Luzzi - 0 ÷ 30%
Savuto - 30 to 40%
Verbicaro - 60 to 80%
Giovan Battista Odoardi, Cantine Lento
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs:
He leaves the media, orbicular or wedge-shaped, lobed or entire; cluster medium or large, conical, short, rarely with one wing short, medium compact; berry medium or small, obovoide, with waxy skin, thin but consistent, color black (bluish reflection in the photo is due to the presence of the bloom.) average production and has consistently prefer less fertile soils and warm. The types of farming are those most suitable to small extent, as the tree, with pruning or even short.
Diseases and adversity:
It 's a perfect grape for its great capacity of resistance to fungal diseases and adverse climatic conditions.