Grapes from the city of the same name, in Burgundy, which is part of a large group of "Gamays" variety with often different, some are clones, but most "dry-" red pulp, much used in the past to color wines cheesy, eighties, France, was attended by more than 1,000 hectares of Gamay and teinturiers Mâconnais and Touraine are still used. The true Gamay grape is black, is officially called " Gamay Noir à Jus Blanc and is the grape that gives life to the famous Beaujolais Nouveau. Has relatively high acidity and winey aroma and fresh, with hints of red fruits.
Grown widely through Italy, it forms a single variety in Umbria as Colli dei Trasimeno
In some areas of France and Switzerland is often blended with Pinot noir, with rather questionable results. If one is found in small numbers in Canada, the former Yugoslavia (Croatia, above all, Serbia and Kosovo).
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs :
It has medium leaf, longer than wide, orbicular or lobed; bunch medium-small, cylindrical, often winged, compact, small-medium berry, ellipsoidal with waxy skin, thin but strong, black. It has abundant and steady production. E 'ideal for growing in cold regions and high altitudes, thanks to the early sprouting and ripening. Breeding is a tree with pruning.
Diseases and adversity :
It has good tolerance to fungal diseases, with a slight sensitivity to powdery mildew and downy mildew. It resists cold.
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG where use is permitted of this vine.
Valle d'Aosta :
- Valle d'Aosta - 90 to 100% (with mention of the vine)
- Colli Etruria Centrale - max. 50% (in the "Novello")
- Cortona - min. 85% (with mention of the vine)
- Colli del Trasimeno or Trasimeno - min. 85% (with mention of the vine)