Altrugo de Rovescala, Barbesina, Barbesino white Barbsin white Trebbiano di Tortona, Vernasino white Vernesina are some of the many synonyms attributed to this white grape variety grown mainly in the province of Piacenza. In the Bulletin of the Ministry of Agriculture ampelographic was reported as Altrugo or Artrugo (1881) which probably originated from the actual name. The Anderson mentions him by the nickname "respectable" and Toni (1927) is the first to talk about how white wine grape grown in just the province of Piacenza. For a time Ortrugo had a good spread across the Emilia, but today it has lost importance and is more easily mixed with other varieties, including white Malvasia.
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG where use is permitted of this vine.
Emilia Romagna :
- Colli Piacentini - 20-50% (White Monterosso Val d'Arda), 20-65% (White Valnure), 35-65% (White Trebbianino Trebbia), min. 80% (Vin Santo), min. 60% (Vin Santo Vigoleno), min. 90% (with reference to single variety of grape)
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs :
It has large leaves, slightly reniform, lobed or more rarely five-lobed; cluster large, cylindrical-conical, very compact and often with a wing, medium berry, nodular skin waxy, thick and very durable, with yellow skin dotted slightly greenish. It needs a medium-textured soils, moderately calcareous and not humid, especially during the ripening of the plant. It has an abundant and steady production, the farming is the best Guyot pruning with the mixture.
Diseases and adversity :
Because of its remarkable compactness, which does not allow good ventilation, and 'quite sensitive to rot. Subject to the attack of the moth, is sensitive to magnesium deficiency and desiccation of the spine.
Altrugo de Rovescala, Barbesina, Barbesino white Barbsin white Trebbiano di Tortona, Vernasino white Vernesina