Tazzelenghe is a red Italian wine grape variety from the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeast Italy. The grape is predominantly found in the Colli Orientali del Friuli Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC). The Tazzelenghe is a red grape native vine originating from the hilly area surrounding the towns of Buttrio and Cividale. The name, in local dialect, means "tong slicing", in reference to the pronounced roughness of the wine's flavor, which has high natural acidity, sometimes exalted by extending the grape maceration, thus enhancing the tannins. The "tong slicing" characteristic is found in the fruit as well, when served as table grapes.
One of the many varieties recovered and brought back to cultivation, intense today in the hills around Butterwick and Cividale. E 'was entered in the National Catalogue of Varieties in 1977 and lives only in the late 80s he started a real deployment. Its origins are obviously more distant, there is no record already in 800, it was exhibited at an exhibition organized by the Friuli Agricultural Society in 1863, along with three hundred other varieties. Recent surveys conducted on the DNA, they found that has a strong genetic closeness with us, and is synonymous with the Refosco Refosco the button, found in Friuli in 2005.
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG is allowed where the use of this vine.
Friuli Venezia Giulia :
- Colli Orientali del Friuli: 0-100% in the red, 85-100% with mention of the grape variety (even in sub-denomination Rosazzo)
Viticulture and winemaking
The Tazzelenghe varietal is a high quality, precious wine, which needs years of age to soften the high tannins content. The color is purply-red which turns to garnet-red with ageing. The perfume is characteristic and the flavor is robust, tannic, grassy and dry.
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs : it has medium leaf, pentagonal, three-lobed, medium cluster, cylindrical, simple or winged, medium compact, medium-large berries of uniform size, spherical and slightly flattened, medium skin covered with bloom , consisting and blue-black, rich in tannin, tart flesh. He consistently high production, gives the best results on foot of hills and hilly terrain, while the plain falls substantially increased the quality and productivity.
Diseases and adversity : it defends itself well enough from the main fungal diseases and resistance to climatic average.
Tazzelenghe is also known under the synonyms Tace Lenghe, Tacelenge, Tacelenghe, Tassalinghe, Taze Lenghe, Taze Lunghe, Tazzalenghe, Tazzalenghe Nera, Tazzalenghe Nera Friulana, Tazzalinghe, Tazzalingua, and Tazzelanghe Nera Friulana