Corvina is an Italian wine grape variety that is sometimes also referred to as Corvina Veronese or Cruina. It is mainly grown in the Veneto region of northeast Italy. Corvina is used with several other grapes to create the light red regional wines Bardolino and Valpolicella that have a mild fruity flavor with hints of almond. These blends include Rondinella, Molinara (and Rossignola for the latter wine). It is also used for the production of Amarone and Recioto. In Valpolicella, Corvina generally makes up to 70% of the blend. It is also used, at a minimum level of 85%, to make the Garda Corvina DOC
Original red grape of Valpolicella. It is spread throughout the Veronese, but is also present in the area of Lake Garda in Lombardy. It has many small sub including Corvina (Corvina or kind), the average Corvina, Corvina and Cruina the big (not to be confused with the Corvinone).
Viticulture and winemaking
Corvina produces light to medium body wines with a light crimson coloring. The grapes naturally high acidity can make the wine somewhat tart with a slight, bitter almond note. The finish is sometimes marked with sour cherry notes. In some regions of Valpolicella, producers are using barrel aging to add more structure and complexity to the wine. The small berries of Corvina are low in tannins and color extract but have thick skins that are ideal for drying and protecting the grape from rot.
The Corvina vine ripens late and is prone to producing high yields which can negatively impact wine quality. During the growth cycle of the grape vine, the first few buds do not produce fruit. The vines need to be trained along a pergola which allows for a long cane that can produce more buds.
The wine is produced with this in pure ruby color, full bodied and rich. It 'a vigorous vine, late flowering, which ripens in late September and early October, good resistance to cold winter. During the drying process for the production of Amarone and Recioto, is often subject to the attack of Botrytis cinerea, because of the compactness of the clusters. Its leaf is of medium size, pentagonal and five-lobed, medium cluster, cylindrical pyramidal, compact, often equipped with a wing delivery, medium berry, thick skinned, blue-purple, covered with abundant bloom.
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC in which it is permitted to use this vine and a selection of producers who use it in one of their wines.
Garda and Garda Classico - 85% to 100% (with mention of the vine)
Bardolino - 35 to 65%
Bardolino Superiore - 35 to 65%
Valpolicella (also Valpantena) - 40% to 70%
Relationship to other grapes
In the Veneto, Corvina is often confused with Corvinone, a red grape usually used in the production of straw wines. For a long time, Corvinone was considered a clone of Corvina but DNA profiling has shown that they are two different varieties. In 2005, DNA evidence showed that Corvina was a parent variety to the Venetian grape Rondinella.
The most popular synonyms are Corba, Corbin, Corgnolo, Corvina Black, Royal Corvina, Corvina and Double Rizza.