One of the oldest white grape varieties in Sicily. Is described by Cupani in 1696 and Pastena (1970) identifies at least four varieties, distinguished by the different shape of the clusters: Catarratto common or Latin Catarratto polished loose, tight and shiny Catarratto Catarratto extra shiny or glossy. The most widely grown of these is the Catarratto polished. Among the many synonyms Catarratto bertolaro by Bertola, that is plenty for its high productivity and Catarratto Corteddaro from cortedala (head). The variety is present in all of Sicily, with particular concentration in the province of Trapani.
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs :
It has medium leaf, pentagonal and five lobes, medium cluster, cylindrical or conical, with one or two wings, rarely gratuitous, semi-compact or compact, and prone to leaking all'acinellatura; medium berry, spherical or ellipsoidal, loosely covered with skin in bloom, thick, yellow-gold in the most exposed. He has plenty of production but because of the erratic phenomena millerandage and leaking. The farming systems are more suitable for medium to small tree growing and pruning with mixed or short.
Diseases and adversity :
It 'is quite resistant to fungal diseases that most common pests.
Follows, by region, a list of all DOC and DOCG where use is permitted of this vine and a selection of producers who use it in one of their wines.
- Alcamo - min. 60% (white, sparkling wine and late harvest), min. 80% (classical), min. 85% (with mention of the vine)
- County Sclafani - min. 50% (white), min. 85% (with mention of the vine)
- Etna - max. 40%
- Marsala - 0 to 100%