Given its reputation, we decided to create a special form of this variant "noble" of Sangiovese, called, in Tuscany, Sangiovese Grosso or Brunello di Montalcino in the area (SI), Blackthorn Gentile in the area of Montepulciano (SI) and Sangiovese Lamole at Greve in Chianti (FI). It 'a very high quality, has strong features and is able to provide high quality wines, among the best in Italy and the world. From a survey conducted in 90 vineyards, it appeared that this variety of Sangiovese it has existed throughout 1100 compared with more than 86,000 municipality of Sangiovese. Today things are different, so much so that only nell'areale di Montalcino were declared over 2,000 hectares of vines suitable for the production of Brunello di Montalcino. In addition, recent research has revealed, in the infinite world of varieties of Sangiovese, two basic types, the Sangiovese Grosso, which are the main biotypes grown in Tuscany and Emilia Romagna, Sangiovese and a little that exists with the Sanvicetro grown in Casentino . Obviously, within these two biotypes are numerous phenotypic variations. Generally one can say that the small-berry forms are accompanied by a smaller force, smaller leaves, five lobes, and give more acidic and less sugar musts.
Viticulture and winemaking
Environmental and cultural characteristics and needs : usually the variety "Sangiovese Grosso" has medium leaf, three-lobed or five-lobed, light green, bunch medium, compact, cylindrical-pyramidal, winged; berry medium to large, regularly shaped ovoid, with skin black-violet and rich in bloom, not particularly thick, simple flavor. It prefers hilly terrain of medium and low fertility, clay and limestone with abundant, dry at maturity. According to different altitudes (ranging on average between 250 to 500 meters above sea level with peaks above 600 in the Chianti area around Lamole) and climate change considerably its expressive characteristics. Pruning is best mixed, but has excellent results even with the short type of runner. One of the Achilles' heel of this variety is the spring frost risk, which always bring considerable damage, while better tolerate drought and wind.
Diseases and adversity : it has a certain sensitivity to downy mildew , for more ' powdery mildew and rot, is particularly sensitive to mites, at least moths and leafhoppers , can be affected by esca .